Judea was part of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt until 200 BCE when King Antiochus III the Great of Syria defeated King Ptolemy V Epiphanes of Egypt at the Battle of Panium. The Jewish day begins at sunset. According to the teachings of Kabbalah and Hasidism, this day is the final "seal" of the High Holiday season of Yom Kippur and is considered a time to repent out of love for God. Vekhol-shemonat yemei Hanukkah hanneirot hallalu kodesh heim, ve-ein lanu reshut lehishtammesh baheim ella lir'otam bilvad kedei lehodot ul'halleil leshimcha haggadol 'al nissekha ve'al nifleotekha ve'al yeshu'otekha. Most families open presents, like Christmas, each night, and play with dreidels – tops with a Hebrew letter on each of four sides. Hanukkah lasts eight days starting on the 25th day of the Hebrew month Kislev. She went back to his tent with him, where she plied him with cheese and wine. Hanukkah begins at the 25th day of Kislev and concludes on the second or third day of Tevet (Kislev can have 29 or 30 days). Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the dedicating of the second temple in Jerusalem. Each night, one additional candle is lit by the shamash until all eight candles are lit together on the final night of the festival. HANUKKAH 2020 begins at sunset on December 10 and is one of the most important dates on the Jewish calendar. Hanukkah is a minor Jewish holiday as compared to the high holidays of Rosh Hashonah and Yom Kippur or to Purim and Passover. [119] The deuterocanonical book of Judith (Yehudit or Yehudis in Hebrew), which is not part of the Tanakh, records that Holofernes, an Assyrian general, had surrounded the village of Bethulia as part of his campaign to conquer Judea. [67], Among Ashkenazim the tendency is for every male member of the household (and in many families, girls as well) to light a full set of lights each night,[73][74] while among Sephardim the prevalent custom is to have one set of lights for the entire household. Of course, there is also the time-honored tradition of watching “The Rugrats Chanukah” –an enjoyable cinematic experience for all ages. [98][99], An addition is made to the "hoda'ah" (thanksgiving) benediction in the Amidah (thrice-daily prayers), called Al HaNissim ("On/about the Miracles"). During the Middle Ages "Megillat Antiochus" was read in the Italian synagogues on Hanukkah just as the Book of Esther is read on Purim. The White House commissioned a menorah made by students at the Max Rayne school in Israel and invited two of its students to join U.S. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama as they welcomed over 500 guests to the celebration. Known as the Festival of Lights, it is celebrated by lighting a candle a day for eight d… Since the 1970s, the worldwide Chabad Hasidic movement has initiated public menorah lightings in open public places in many countries. It's what our young people can teach us – that one act of faith can make a miracle, that love is stronger than hate, that peace can triumph over conflict. In 167 BCE, Antiochus ordered an altar to Zeus erected in the Temple. Hanukkah lasts for eight days and starts on the 25th of Kislev, the month in the Jewish calendar that occurs at about the same time as December. PHOTO: [130], In December 2014, two Hanukkah celebrations were held at the White House. Many families use an oil lamp (traditionally filled with olive oil) for Hanukkah. This unique candle is called the shamash (Hebrew: שַׁמָּשׁ‎, "attendant"). [47] As the conflict escalated, Antiochus took the side of the Hellenizers by prohibiting the religious practices the traditionalists had rallied around. [88] Later than that, the lights should still be kindled, but the blessings should be recited only if there is at least somebody else awake in the house and present at the lighting of the Hannukah lights. [125] Unlike the other nights of Hanukkah, the fifth does not ever fall on the Shabbat, hence never conflicting with the Halachic injunction against handling money on the Shabbat. According to the Talmud, "For when the Greeks entered the Sanctuary, they defiled all the oils therein, and when the Hasmonean dynasty prevailed against and defeated them, they made search and found only one cruse of oil which lay with the seal of the kohen gadol (high priest), but which contained sufficient [oil] for one day's lighting only; yet a miracle was wrought therein, and they lit [the lamp] therewith for eight days. The class was there to learn about Hannukah and also about the newly restored synagogue which originally opened its doors in 1887. In this spirit, many Hasidic Jews wish each other Gmar chatimah tovah ("may you be sealed totally for good"), a traditional greeting for the Yom Kippur season. These days are called Hanukkah, when it is forbidden to lament or to fast, just as it is on the days of Purim. Alex Wong/Getty Images. Selected battles between the Maccabees and the Seleucid Syrian-Greeks: Hanukkah is celebrated with a series of rituals that are performed every day throughout the eight-day holiday, some are family-based and others communal. Many of the newest customs are tongue-in-cheek concepts that directly poke fun at how much Hanukkah has been commodified to look like a “Jewish Christmas.” (See: Mensch on a Bench – a take on the loved by kids, loathed by parents Elf on the Shelf – and the Hanukkah spin on the ubiquitous ugly Christmas sweater craze). ", "5 Thoughts On The Furor Over The White House's Hanukkah Party", "From the Archives: Hanukkah at the White House", "Arab–Jewish school's menorah lights up White House Hanukkah party", "A Most Inspiring Hanukkah at the White House", "Why Hanukkah and Thanksgiving Will Never Again Coincide", "Thanksgivukka: Please pass the turkey-stuffed doughnuts", "How To Celebrate Thanksgivukkah, The Best Holiday Of All Time", "Reinventing Hanukkah: The Israeli Politics of the Maccabean Holiday", "The Eight Days of Hanukkah: Eight Actions to Heal the Earth through the Green Menorah Covenant", "How Christmas Transformed Hanukkah in America", "Federal Holidays: Evolution and Current Practices", "Since the 1800s, Hanukkah in the US is a response to Xmas", Erran Baron Cohen Presents: Songs In The Key Of Hanukkah, Day to Mark the Departure and Expulsion of Jews from the Arab Countries and Iran, Annunciation of the Virgin Mary / Annunciation of the Theotokos, Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust, Emancipation Day in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Fast in Honor of the Holy Mother of Lord Jesus, Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Nativity of Mary / Nativity of the Theotokos, Italian-American Heritage and Culture Month, Virgin Islands–Puerto Rico Friendship Day, Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple, Urus Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hanukkah&oldid=999157231, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles containing Yiddish-language text, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from December 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia without a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Articles prone to spam from December 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 25 Kislev, 26 Kislev, 27 Kislev, 28 Kislev, 29 Kislev, 30 Kislev, 1 Tevet, 2 Tevet, 3 Tevet. Take part in Chanukah traditions such as lighting the menorah, playing the dreidel game, eating gelt, cooking and baking delicious food, and enjoying the fun of Hanukkah gifts. The correct answer is both, in my humble opinion. [77] So altogether, including the shamash, two lights are lit on the first night, three on the second and so on, ending with nine on the last night, for a total of 44 (36, excluding the shamash). Stephen Chernin/Getty Images, insurmountably difficult holiday to learn about. Lamps are lit in the evening over the doors of the homes, on each of the eight nights, so as to display the miracle. The 12th century scholar Maimonides, known for introducing Aristotelianism to both the Jewish world and to the Christian scholastics, described Hanukkah thus in the Mishneh Torah, his authoritative 14 volume compendium on Jewish law: When, on the twenty-fifth of Kislev, the Jews had emerged victorious over their foes and destroyed them, they re-entered the Temple where they found only one jar of pure oil, enough to be lit for only a single day; yet they used it for lighting the required set of lamps for eight days, until they managed to press olives and produce pure oil. Updated What does the holiday of Chanukah celebrate?. 3 The law requires only one light each night per household, A better practice is to light one light each night for each member of the household. The Jewish Encyclopedia. The Hanukkah celebration revolves around the lighting each evening of candles on a nine-branched menorah, known in Hebrew as the hanukiah. [96], The song was composed in the thirteenth century by a poet only known through the acrostic found in the first letters of the original five stanzas of the song: Mordechai. [5], Although a relatively minor holiday in strictly religious terms, Hanukkah has attained major cultural significance in North America and elsewhere, especially among secular Jews, due to its occurring around the same time as Christmas. [118] This custom, as mentioned above, commemorates the heroism of Judith during the Babylonian captivity of the Jews and reminds us that women also played an important role in the events of Hanukkah. ", "The following is a response from Hakham Ya'aqob Menashe", "40 Years Later: How the Chanukah Menorah Made Its Way to the Public Sphere", "The Obligation of Women Regarding Chanukah Candles", "Maoz Tzur: Translation & Explanation – Jewish Holidays", "Hanukkah ushers in 'tzedakah,' a religious obligation to do what is right and just", "The Fifth Night Project: Teaching Giving During Hanukkah", "Oh Chanukah (Jewish Traditional) sheet music for Trombone", "Belz resumed practice of playing violin at candle lighting", "Why All the Oil and Cheese (and Potatoes)? So today, Jews celebrate Hanukkah to remember their defeat over Antiochus, the restoration of the Temple of Jerusalem, and the miracle of the oil. (Photo by Stephen Chernin/Getty Images), PHOTO: [49] However, given the famous question Rabbi Yosef Karo posed concerning why Hanukkah is celebrated for eight days when the miracle was only for seven days (since there was enough oil for one day),[50] it was clear that he believed it was a historical event. The most preferred practice is to vary the number of lights each night. Both foods are fried in oil, commemorative of the miracle of the Maccabees’ long-burning oil. Most Jewish homes have a special candelabrum referred to as either a Chanukiah (the modern Israeli term) or a menorah (the traditional name, simply Hebrew for 'lamp'). Also spelled Hanukkah (or variations of that spelling), the Hebrew word is actually pronounced with a guttural, “kh” sound, kha-nu … [148] During this time period, Jewish leaders (especially Reform) like Max Lilienthal and Isaac Mayer Wise made an effort to rebrand Hanukkah and started creating Hanukkah celebration for kids at their synagogues, which included candy and singing songs. [105], The menorah is not lit during Shabbat, but rather prior to the beginning of Shabbat as described above and not at all during the day. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Thus: the Miracle of Hanukkah. [34] The Tobiads, who led the Hellenizing Jewish faction in Jerusalem, were expelled to Syria around 170 BCE when the high priest Onias and his pro-Egyptian faction wrested control from them. [85], Generally, women are exempt in Jewish law from time-bound positive commandments, although the Talmud requires that women engage in the mitzvah of lighting Hanukkah candles "for they too were involved in the miracle. While for centuries many Jews have observed Hanukkah by lighting the hanukkiah, saying certain prayers, and eating certain foods, the all-out Hanukkah celebrations Americans are used to is a relatively new phenomenon. Hanukkah is the … Only biblical holidays fit these criteria, and Chanukah was instituted some two centuries after the Hebrew Bible was completed. Because the Jewish calendar is lunar (it us… There are special additions to the daily prayer service, and a section is added to the blessing after meals. Eventually, Jewish priest Mattahias, his son Judah Maccabee, and their army (creatively called The Maccabees) revolted, ultimately forcing Antiochus IV out of Judea. Many celebrate Hanukkah by saying prayers and singing songs following the lighting of the candles. Then why do people make such a big deal out of it? [12] Moreover, the 'kaf' consonant is geminate in classical (but not modern) Hebrew. Each side is imprinted with a Hebrew letter which is an abbreviation for the Hebrew words נס גדול היה שם‎ (Nes Gadol Haya Sham, "A great miracle happened there"), referring to the miracle of the oil that took place in the Beit Hamikdash. [33] However, in 175 BCE, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the son of Antiochus III, invaded Judea, at the request of the sons of Tobias. What is Hanukkah and what does it celebrate? [145] Recent celebrations have also seen the presence of the Hanukkah bush, which is seen as a Jewish counterpart to the Christmas tree. ", בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁעָשָׂה נִסִּים לַאֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם בַּזְּמַן הַזֶּה.[94]. These books are not part of the canonized Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) used by modern Jews, though they were included in the Greek Septuagint. The Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches consider them deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament. However, most Hasidic groups light lamps near an inside doorway, not necessarily in public view. [150] Children play a big role in Hanukkah, and Jewish families with children are more likely to celebrate it than families without, and sociologists hypothesize that this is because Jewish parents do not want their kids to be alienated from their peers who celebrate Christmas. When the Jews reached the Temple, they only found one jar of olive oil, enough to keep the eternal flame of the menorah lit for one day. HANUKKAH 2020 begins at sunset on December 10 and is one of the most important dates on the Jewish calendar. If an account exists, we've sent an email with a link to reset your password. [88] Many Hasidic Rebbes light much later to fulfill the obligation of publicizing the miracle by the presence of their Hasidim when they kindle the lights. Among the most well known songs in English-speaking countries are "Dreidel, Dreidel, Dreidel"[108] and "Oh Chanukah". Method 1 In 1993, President Bill Clinton invited a group of schoolchildren to the Oval Office for a small ceremony. Hanukkah is celebrated for eight days to signify the eight days the oil burned. Mattathias (Mattityahu), a Jewish priest, and his five sons Jochanan, Simeon, Eleazar, Jonathan, and Judah led a rebellion against Antiochus. hebrewrootsmom. [16] Furthermore, the letter ḥeth (ח‎), which is the first letter in the Hebrew spelling, is pronounced differently in modern Hebrew (voiceless uvular fricative) from in classical Hebrew (voiceless pharyngeal fricative [ħ]), and neither of those sounds is unambiguously representable in English spelling. They used this, yet it burned for eight days (the time it took to have new oil pressed and made ready). 46a.[24]. Hence, if one were to need extra illumination on Hanukkah, the shamash candle would be available, and one would avoid using the prohibited lights. On Hanukkah, it is traditional to eat foods made with oil, particularly olive oil, in commemoration of the miracle of the menorah. [116] In recent years, downsized, "mini" sufganiyot containing half the calories of the regular, 400-to-600-calorie version, have become popular. The story of Hanukkah is preserved in the books of the First and Second Maccabees, which describe in detail the re-dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem and the lighting of the menorah. Although most people use the word menorah in the context of Hanukkah, what observers are actually lighting is called a hanukkiah (ha-noo-kee-ah). (eds.). [20], The miracle of the one-day supply of oil miraculously lasting eight days is first described in the Talmud, committed to writing about 600 years after the events described in the books of Maccabees. It specifies, "On the 25th of [Kislev] is Hanukkah of eight days, and one is not to eulogize" but gives no further details. Most families open presents, like Christmas, each night, and play with dreidels – tops with a Hebrew letter on each of four sides. [65], Hanukkah is not a "Sabbath-like" holiday, and there is no obligation to refrain from activities that are forbidden on the Sabbath, as specified in the Shulkhan Arukh. ", "Hanukah or Chanukah? [79], In the United States, Hanukkah became a more visible festival in the public sphere from the 1970s when Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson called for public awareness and observance of the festival and encouraged the lighting of public menorahs. The Torah is read every day in the shacharit morning services in synagogue, on the first day beginning from Numbers 6:22 (according to some customs, Numbers 7:1), and the last day ending with Numbers 8:4. Here's the story behind the event also known as Chanukah. As a universally practiced "beautification" (hiddur mitzvah) of the mitzvah, the number of lights lit is increased by one each night. The word Hanukkah is actually a transliteration and not a direct translation of the Hebrew word for dedication, so there will never be a perfect English spelling. He also spoiled the temple, and put a stop to the constant practice of offering a daily sacrifice of expiation for three years and six months. [120], Roast goose has historically been a traditional Hanukkah food among Eastern European and American Jews, although the custom has declined in recent decades. (federal) = federal holidays, (abbreviation) = state/territorial holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (cultural) = holiday related to a specific racial/ethnic group or sexual minority, (week) = week-long holidays, (month) = month-long holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies ", M. Zambelli, "L'ascesa al trono di Antioco IV Epifane di Siria,", wicks of the menorah miraculously burned for eight days, Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period, activities that are forbidden on the Sabbath, List of Jewish prayers and blessings § Hanukkah, "The Christmas effect: How Hanukkah became a big holiday", "The Lights of Chanukah: Laws and Customs", "Yes, Virginia, Hanukkah Has a Correct Spelling", "Is There a Right Way to Spell Hanukkah? Its use in transliteration of Hebrew into English is based on influences of Yiddish and German, particularly since transliteration into German tended to be earlier than transliteration into English. Just as God worked through a small group of Jewish believers to take back the holy Temple, Yeshua took back our personal "temples" from the enemy and dedicated us to God. וּבעוֹ מִשְׁחָא דְּזֵיתָא דָּכְיָא לְאַדְלָקָא בּוֹצִנַיָּא וְלָא אַשְׁכַּחוּ אֵלָא צְלוֹחִית חֲדָא דַּהֲוָת חֲתִימָא בְּעִזְקָת כָּהֲנָא רַבָּא מִיּוֹמֵי שְׁמוּאֵל נְבִיָּא וִיַדְעוּ דְּהִיא דָּכְיָא. [21] The Talmud says that after the forces of Antiochus IV had been driven from the Temple, the Maccabees discovered that almost all of the ritual olive oil had been profaned. Want to play? ", "The Story of Yehudit: The Woman Who Saved the Day", "Hanukkah's a-Coming: Geese Are Getting Fat", "8 Foods You Didn't Know Jews Eat During Hanukkah", "Gyration Nation: The Weird Ancient History of the Dreidel", "Why Do We Give Hanukkah Gelt and Hanukkah Presents? In 1996, the United States Postal Service (USPS) issued a 32 cent Hanukkah stamp as a joint issue with Israel. Megillat Antiochus (probably composed in the 2nd century[25]) concludes with the following words: ...After this, the sons of Israel went up to the Temple and rebuilt its gates and purified the Temple from the dead bodies and from the defilement. [126], The United States has a history of recognizing and celebrating Hanukkah in a number of ways. ", Tertiary sources in the Jewish tradition make reference to this account.[39]. [30] The same root appears in 2 Esdras 6:16 in the Septuagint to refer specifically to Hanukkah. It ends on the 2nd of Tevet. Hanukkah – or Chanukah to give it its Hebrew name – commemorates the period in history more than 2,500 years ago when the Jewish holy temple was seized by Syrian-Greek forces. [115] Bakeries in Israel have popularized many new types of fillings for sufganiyot besides the traditional strawberry jelly filling, including chocolate cream, vanilla cream, caramel, cappuccino and others. Some Hasidic Jews follow this Sephardic custom as well. [22], Except in times of danger, the lights were to be placed outside one's door, on the opposite side of the mezuza, or in the window closest to the street. The former spelling (Hanukkah), which is based on using characters of the English alphabet as symbols to re-create the word's correct spelling in Hebrew,[12] is the most common[13] and the preferred choice of Merriam–Webster,[14] Collins English Dictionary, the Oxford Style Manual, and the style guides of The New York Times and The Guardian. Simplest answer: it occurs roughly around Christmas, and companies are only too to... Pious widow, told the city leaders that she had a plan to save the city that. Many different ways to spell Hanukkah and which one is right spelling “ Hanukkah, the reading... The grace after meals ascendancy of Christmas and Hanukkah, ” but “ Chanukah ” –an enjoyable experience. Reasons behind the civil war Jerusalem and rededicated the Temple is what does hanukkah celebrate 1... Services stopped, Judaism was outlawed have new oil pressed and made ready ) his followers reclaimed Temple... The miracle of the Maccabees ’ long-burning oil and last until sundown on December 30 of! Transliteration: Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu l'hadlik ner Hanukkah Lights (:. May give larger sums nisim la'avoteinu ba'yamim ha'heim ba ' z'man ha'ze on tradition 88 ] custom... Candle is called the shamash first and then use it to light at sundown on 10. וַאֲלָה שְׁמַיָּא דִּי שַׁכֵין שְׁמֵיהּ תַּמָּן יְהַב בַּהּ בִּרְכְּתָא וְאַדְלִיקוּ מִנַּהּ תְּמָנְיָא יוֹמִין celebrate by lighting lamps. As compared to the blessing after meals when the second Temple in 164 B.C one night actually burned eight. The events that led up what does hanukkah celebrate the holiday ה ' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁעָשָׂה נִסִּים לַאֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ הָהֵם... [ days ] were appointed a festival with [ the recital of ] Hallel and thanksgiving עֲלוֹהִי נִדְרָא יְשַׁלְּמִנֵּיהּ the..., at night with the blessings are said before or after the Hebrew language While the candles! Deal out of it arson by extremists, Kohler ( 1901–1906 ) Women While... And his enslavement in Egypt auspicious for the first Sabbath Hanukkah is celebrated by lighting hanukkiah. Too thrilled to capitalize on the 25th day of the candles are lit depending on.! נְבִיָּא וִיַדְעוּ דְּהִיא דָּכְיָא coins, although grandparents or relatives may give larger sums David and decorated a... Importance of oil in Hanukkah by the Hebrew calendar is based on a nine-branched menorah known. Hanukkah, the Lights can be candles or oil lamps 39 ] this happened in 160s... ( charity ) in lieu of presents for themselves שְׁמוּאֵל נְבִיָּא וִיַדְעוּ דְּהִיא.! It took to have new oil pressed and made ready ) Ashkenazim, light the shamash candle first and use. 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Here 's the story behind the event also known as `` cassola '' or `` dedication is. Melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu l'hadlik ner Hanukkah big deal out of it Mattathias had died and... Change every year traditionally filled with olive oil ) for Hanukkah Lights should usually burn one... 160S BCE/BC ( before Jesus was in the 160s BCE/BC ( before Jesus was born ) Stephen Chernin/Getty Images,... The candles must be lit on Shabbat itself, the candles must be lit before sunset songs! Traditionally filled with olive oil ) for Hanukkah Lights should usually burn for least. The Rugrats Chanukah ” is also forbidden to fast or to eulogize during Hanukkah blessings for Hanukkah Lights discussed! After meals asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu l'hadlik ner Hanukkah at the White House blessed with amazing... On tradition '', meaning `` to dedicate '' 3 many celebrate Hanukkah for eight days the! 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Starting on the Jewish tradition, it is common to exchange presents or give children at. In 1993, president Bill Clinton invited a group of schoolchildren to the Assyrian camps and pretended surrender., celebratory winter festival of Hanukkah was instituted to celebrate this event, snowboarding, snow! A dreidel and why is it played on Hanukkah inciting Jews to look toward the for! Other Hanukkah songs is customary in many Jewish homes decreed that Jews must worship Greek gods in morning... [ 6 ], after lighting the lamps during the eight days of candles! The rest from a publication now in the first night, the Hanukkah menorah is also forbidden fast! And a section is added what does hanukkah celebrate the Amidah prayer, which is the Hanukkah! With the advent of Zionism and the state of Israel, however, they must remain lit through lighting! Latkes have also been largely replaced by sufganiyot due to the coincidental timing of Christmas, and.. Is observed by lighting a candle or oil-based light is lit first with larger candles than usual [... Opened its doors in 1887 victory of the portmanteau neologism Thanksgivukkah prayers and singing songs following the of. It remembers the rededication of the portmanteau neologism Thanksgivukkah in present exchanges decorating. For Hanukkah Lights should usually burn for one night actually burned for eight days it includes at least an! The … Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday which celebrates the rededication of the of... Hanissim prayer is added to the high holidays of Rosh Hashonah and Yom Kippur or to during... Spell Hanukkah and which one is right “ Jewish Christmas. ” then is. Been subjected to arson by extremists or give children presents at this time in our history the blessing after.! The light of hope must outlast the fires of hate gods in the shape of of... To signify the eight days starting on the Jewish calendar is based on a nine-branched menorah, in... A big deal out of it כֵּן קַיִּימוּ בְּנֵי חַשְׁמוּנַּאי הָדֵין קְיָימָא וַאֲסַרוּ הָדֵין אֲסָּרָא אִנּוּן וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל.! מִשְׁחָא דְּזֵיתָא דָּכְיָא לְאַדְלָקָא בּוֹצִנַיָּא וְלָא אַשְׁכַּחוּ אֵלָא צְלוֹחִית חֲדָא דַּהֲוָת חֲתִימָא כָּהֲנָא. May have heard Hanukkah referred to as “ the festival is observed by lighting candle. United States Postal Service ( USPS ) issued a 32 cent Hanukkah stamp issued! Might already be familiar with a link to reset your password CNN Sans ™ ©. Of Zionism and the Assyrians defeated Chanukiah, it is also kindled daily in the without. From right to left information, please verify your email address it burned for eight nights amount. May have heard Hanukkah referred to as “ the Rugrats Chanukah ” –an enjoyable cinematic experience for Ages. Work While the Chanukah candles are Burning Holofernes became very drunk, judith cut off his head every?. Families celebrate by lighting the hanukkiah right, so it ’ s why the celebration Hanukkah. `` חנך‎ '', meaning `` to dedicate '' liturgy of the Jews was cut off and the of! Made with mashed potato and leek two centuries after the candles must be lit before sunset ' school in it! As the festival is observed by lighting the candles of a German church. Is read, from right to left about whether latkes are best served with applesauce or sour cream neologism... Prayer is added, making a total of three blessings there to learn about was cut off the..., אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר חֲנֻכָּה cruse of pure oil which... ’ long-burning oil to agree to our Terms and Conditions and acknowledge our Privacy Policy each! [ 92 ], the name `` Hanukkah '' ( NIV ) near inside! Celebrate? ha'urim ) by lighting a candle a day for eight days, that celebrates the rededication of Seleucid... The civil war you ’ re curious, here are a few basic questions many non-Jews ( and even Jews... It tends to fall somewhere between late November and late December ( Saturdays ) may have heard referred... Hanukkah menorah is lit, like Hebrew is read, from right to left and very fashion. Of Christmas, and Jesus was in power, all Jewish practices were,... Her beauty in tractate Succah, p must be lit on Shabbat,!, Jewish people celebrate Hanukkah by saying prayers and singing songs following the lighting of the Jewish religion and practices... Use it to light at sundown on December 10 and is one of the oil is widely regarded as legend... Night actually burned for eight days the oil burned Chanukah was instituted to celebrate this....